What is IPV?
IPV stands for Intimate Partner Violence. According to the World Health Organization, IPV is “any behavior within an intimate relationship that causes physical, psychological or sexual harm to those in the relationship (class lecture notes). Most know IPV as domestic violence as well (Allen 245).
How do I identify IPV?
IPV can take many forms such as:
- physical abuse
- sexual abuse
- emotional abuse
- social isolation
- intimidation, coercion, threats
- economic abuse (class lecture notes)
What are some of the signs of IPV?
Intimate Partner Violence is generally thought to take place through four phases which occur in a cyclical manner, making the abuse patterned. The four phases include:
- Honeymoon Phase
- Tension -Building Phase
- Explosive Phase
- Reconciliation (class lecture notes)
Are women the only victims of IPV?
Not at all. In fact about 1.5 million women and 830,00 men are either sexually or physically abused by an intimate partner each year in the United States (class lecture notes).
What can I do to help?
Speak up. If you or a loved one is being abused in any way, it is important that you or the victim get into contact with the authorities or with local social services to help provide resources to educate about abuse and its warning signs, find shelter away from the abuser, and attempt to leave the abusive relationship and start a life free from fear and pain.
Class lecture notes from 2/9
Allen, Mary. “Is There Gender Symmetry in Intimate Partner Violence?” Child & Family Social Work (2011): 245-54. Print.