Social workers offer direct services such as issues with family violence, substance abuse, mental illness, adjustment to the military, war trauma, managing physical sickness and health improvement. (Daley, 2003, p. 438)
The military social work role has developed stronger due to the influence of psychologists and psychiatrists (Daley, 2003, p. 438).
Presently, there are thirty-one navy social work officers, two hundred and fifteen air force social work officers, and one hundred and fifty army social work officers (Lockett, 1999; Kennedy, 1999; Tarpley, 1999).
America offers three levels of education, which include bachelors of social work, masters of social work, and doctor of philosophy (Daley, 2003, p. 443).
Various countries mainly use BSW or bachelor of social work as their main workforce (Daley, 2003, p. 443)
As the rank rises for military social workers, a greater range of job opportunities occur and the capability to affect military programs increases (Daley, 2003, p. 443).
Comparing military social work for different countries, the United States had a steady growth and expansion of programs, while China had no growth because of the elimination of social work as a profession (Daley, 2003, p. 441).
Daley, J. 2003. Military Social Work: A Multi-Country Comparison. International Social Work Int Soc Work, 46(4), 437-448.