- Gender. For example, it is known that women seem to have a higher risk for depression. Social workers must make sure not to over diagnose women and not to under diagnose men. (DiNitto & McNeece, 2008)
- Ethnicity. There can be differences between ethnicities such as rates of mental health service use and differences in socioeconomic factors. The different cultures of those ethnicities may also have mental illnesses that don’t appear in other cultures such as mal de ojo. (DiNitto & McNeece, 2008)via giphy
- Other disorders the client may have. A client could have two mental illnesses or substance abuse disorder in addition to their mental illness. (DiNitto & McNeece, 2008)
- The Cause. There is often no clear cause for a mental illness. There could be a number of factors contributing to the cause of the mental illness and these factors could be difficult to identify. (In Class Lecture)
- The trajectory of the mental illness. Mental illness takes on a different path for each individual. One person’s depression may not follow the same trajectory as another person’s depression. There are individual differences. (In Class Lecture)via giphy
- There is no cure-all for mental illness. There is no specific treatment that works to cure mental illness. One type of treatment that works for one client, may not work for another client with the same mental illness. It may even take a combination of treatments in order to make progress with the client. (In Class Lecture)
DiNitto, D. M., & McNeece, C. A. (2008). Social Work: Issues and Opportunities in a Challenging Profession, Third Edition. Chicago, IL: Lyceum Books, INC.
In Class Lecture, April 19, 2016