The Journey and Beyond

Age is defined in four categories: chronological age, biological age, psychological age, social age. Due to age, the body starts shutting down, leaving many elderly disabled. People 65+ are in the lowest income quartile and three times more likely to experience disability than those in the highest quartile. (class notes)

Activities of Daily Living – there are six measurers to measure this by. Feeding one’s self, using the toilet without assistance, bathing without assistances, getting dress by one’s self, getting out of bed or a chair by one’s self, and getting around inside of the home without help. (class notes)


Social workers help the elderly communicate their needs with healthcare providers. Scheduling appointments and coordinating transportation can be aided by social workers. Social workers are advocates for the elderly, making sure these services are provided. They also help the elderly properly pay for healthcare visits in regards to medicare and medicaid. (DiNitto and McNeece, 2008)

Hospice is the philosophy of care. Hospice is given to someone with six months or less to live. This extends beyond elderly people. Anyone who is expected to not survive beyond six more months is given hospice care. (Hopkins, S., guest speaker 2016)

People in hospice care are required to accept a nurse’s care at least once every two weeks. The idea is to make someone more comfortable in their process of dying, which is why doctors will treat any other illnesses that come up. While hospice is not one singular, specific place, it’s where people will feel comfortable in their final days. (Hopkins, S., guest speaker 2016)


Sources: Class notes – Professor John Vassello, MSW; guest speaker S. Hopkins (2016); and DiNitto, D. M., & McNeece, C. A. (2008). Social Work: Issues and opportunities in a challenging profession. Chicago, Il.: Lyceum Books, (3rd Edition).