5 Things You Might Not Know About End of Life Social Work (featuring the cast of Golden Girls)- by Gilda Goldental-Stoecker

  1. Due to advances in health care and technology, there is currently a longevity revolution for older adults. In fact, it is predicted that by 2030 the older population (65 or older) in the United States will be twice the size of the older population (65 or older) of 2000. (Lecture notes 4/26/2016)


  1. The large growth in number of older adults is resulting in the need for increased health and social services. Moreover, there is and continues to be a shortage of qualified gerontological social workers in the United States. At the current rate, this will continue to grow in size and scope. (Lecture notes 4/24/2016)


  1. Gerontology is the scientific and systematic study of aging. This multidisciplinary field works to address biopsychosocial functioning in older adults. A large focus of this study is the biophysosocial-spiritual behaviors that affect a person’s ability to perform ADLs, or Activities of Daily Living. (Lecture notes 4/24/2016)


  1. The six measures to assess Activities of Daily Living are the ability to feed oneself, the ability to use the toilet oneself, the ability to get dressed by oneself, the ability to shower or bathe by oneself, the ability to get in and out of a bed or chair by oneself, and the ability to get around the inside of a home. If one of these abilities is lost, it greatly affects quality of life and safety in completing other tasks. (Lecture notes 4/24/2016)


  1. Some of the challenges that affect older populations can include living alone, poverty, access to care, economic inequalities, and changing family structures. (Lecture notes 4/24/2016)                                                   200-1.gif

Mental Illness Facts


  1. Half of mental disorders manifest by age fourteen (DiNitto & McNeece, 2008, p. 153).


  1. Aside from genetics or other biological factors, circumstances that increase a child’s risk for developing mental disorders include physical, sexual, or substance abuse, running away from home, abusing others, family violence, and institutionalization of a sibling or guardian or felony conviction of drug abuse of a sibling or guardian. (DiNitto & McNeece, 2008, p. 153).


  1. 25% of homeless individuals have a serious mental illness and about 1/2 of these individuals also have co-occurring disorders (DiNitto & McNeece, 2008, p. 154).


  1. 46% of all Americans will endure at least some form of a mental illness during the course of their lifetime (DiNitto & McNeece, 2008, p.145)


  1. Clients who have co-occurring disorders may experience greater struggles because it can be a challenge for both illnesses to be treated certain complications, as it may be difficult to effectively be treated for both illnesses. As a result, social workers help clients find techniques and programs that best fit their client’s needs. (Lecture notes 4/21/2016)


  1. Often, there is no easily identifiable cause for mental illness. Many obscure factors can contribute to causing a mental illness. (Lecture notes 4/21/2016)


  1. Mental health social workers can work in emergency medicine, psychiatric services, hospitals, residential programs, partial hospital programs, and outpatient services. (DiNitto & McNeece, 2008, pg. 145)         200-6.gif

Social Work and Disabilities- By Gilda Goldental-Stoecker

  1. The World Health Organization defines disabilities as any lack of ability or restriction to perform an activity in the range or manner considered normal for humans. (DiNitto & McNeece, 2008, p. 217)            200.gif
  2. A developmental disability is defined as a chronic and severe condition of a physical or mental impairment, is permanent, occurs before age 21, requires lifelong professional services from many disciplines, and results in major functional limitations in the major areas of life including learning, self-care, self-sufficiency economically, language, mobility, and capacity for independent living. (DiNitto & McNeece, 2008, p. 218)200-1.gif
  3. To help those with disabilities, social workers can use the Strengths Model. This model takes focus away from the shortcomings associated with the disability and focuses on identifying the client’s strengths and the strengths of their environment. The client would be motivated by their strengths and is then able to form a cooperative relationship with their social worker. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008, p. 226)200-2.gif
  4. Because disability is no longer focused on just mental retardation, social workers are able to have greater a positive impact on both individuals with disabilities and the field itself since they can advocate for a greater range of services that more comprehensively assess and treat disabilities. (DiNitto & McNeece, 2008, pg. 217) a.”It’s important to have a lot of tools, because if all you’ve got is a hammer, then all you’re gonna see is a nail” –Charlie Kramer200-3.gif

Seven School Social Work Facts (as told by Dance Moms) by Gilda Goldental-Stoecker

  1. 18,000 school social workers are employed today according to the School Social Workers Association. (Lecture notes 4/5/2016)


  1. States vary in what they require from school social workers. Some states require extra credentials, school based internships, or specific coursework in order to work in schools as social workers. Some states only require a Bachelors of Arts from an accredited university in order to work in schools as social workers. (Lecture notes 4/5/2016)


  1. In New York State, school social workers need a Masters in Social Work as well as Dignity for All Students Act training and school violence training. (Lecture notes 4/5/2016)


  1. Response to Intervention (RTI) is a public health model that promotes three tiers at intervention. They include primary (all students/school-wide), secondary (selective interventions, about 20% of students or less), and tertiary (individualized interventions). (Lecture notes 4/5/2016)


  1. School-wide interventions can include teacher trainings, prevention programs, and working with administration on needs assessments to determine what types of programs are needed. (Lecture notes 4/5/2016)


  1. With group intervention there are support groups. Some examples of support groups are banana splits (for children of divorced parents), anti-bullying/bullying victims, disability support, boys or girls groups, anger management, and art therapy. (Lecture notes 4/5/2016)


  1. Individual interventions include a caseload of students that must be seen regularly for counseling by the social worker. They can be part of an Individual Education Plan (IEP), disciplinary action, or at the request of the school or the family. School-based interventions are usually brief and tend to use cognitive behavioral therapy or solution-focused therapy due to school day constraints. (Lecture notes 4/5/2016)200-4

5 Reasons Child Welfare Social Work Matters by Gilda Goldental-Stoecker

  1. Neglect is the failure of adults to meet children’s physical, emotional, mental, educational, or social needs. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008)


  1. Children’s developmental needs include health, education, emotional and behavioral development, identity, family and social relationships, social presentation, and self care skills. Children who do not have all of these resources and supports may need intervention in order to be successful and lead fulfilling lives. (Week 9 Power Point)


  1. To raise healthy children, parents must provide basic care for their children’s physical needs and medical care and dental care, ensure safety for their child, show emotional warmth to their children, stimulate their children’s cognitive development, provide guidance and boundaries for their children, and have stability at home for their children. (Week 9 Power Point)


  1. Family and environmental factors may affect the child’s welfare. These can include family history and functioning (including genetic and psycho-social factors), wider family, housing, employment, income, the family’s social integration, and community resources. (Week 9 Power Point)


  1. In the United States, 13 million children live in poverty. Children of color are at a higher risk of living in poverty, and while neglect and maltreatment can happen in any household, it is statistically more likely to occur in poverty-stricken families. (DiNitto & McNeece, 2008)


8 Facts on Substance Abuse Social Work- By Gilda Goldental-Stoecker

  1. Clients with drug and alcohol issues are present in nearly all settings of social work. (Blackboard Lecture Power Point)                                                  200w-4
  2. Drug addiction happens gradually, beginning with experimentation and then moving into more frequent use. (Blackboard Lecture Power Point)                                        200w
  3. 43% of members of the National Association of Social Work claimed to have screened clients for substance abuse and usage disorders. (Blackboard Lecture Power Point)200w-1
  4. In general, social workers receive little training in substance use and abuse. Usually they only receive this training in course units or in an elective within a Social Work program. (Blackboard Lecture Power Point)                                                     200w-2
  5. Diagnosis of a substance abuse issue can be difficult for a social worker because it is hard to differentiate chemically induced symptoms from mental illness, many clients have dual diagnoses, most clients are in denial about their substance abuse, and many clients have learned to hide or minimize their substance usage to be functioning. (Blackboard Lecture Power Point)                                                                                            200w-3
  6. The CIWA Scale is used in hospitals and medical settings as part of protocol to assess substance abuse. The CIWA Scale is administered by a social worker or medical professional. (Blackboard Lecture Power Point)                            200-1
  7. Screening, Brief Intervention, Referral, and Treatment (also known as SBIRT) is an evidence-based public health approach that provides early intervention in treatment for people with substance abuse issues and those at risk of developing problematic substance use. It reduces the frequency and severity of substance abuse, reduces risk of trauma associated with substance abuse, and increases the number of clients to enter substance abuse treatment. (Blackboard Lecture Power Point)200w-5
  8. SBIRT has been shown to reduce days staying in a hospital and emergency room visits. This means that hospitals have to spend less money in substance abuse interventions. (Blackboard Lecture Power Point)                                      200

8 Facts on the Military and Military Social Work by Gilda Goldental-Stoecker

  1. The United States Department of Veterans Affairs is the highest employer of social workers in the USA. They employ 11,000 social workers. (Lecture notes 3/8/2016)200w-1
  2. Veterans Affairs social workers work with veterans, career military, and their children and families. (Lecture notes 3/8/2016)                                                               200w
  3. Veterans Affairs social workers provide many services to their clients such as mental illness, wartime trauma, family violence, coping with illnesses, substance abuse, and improving their health. (Daley, 2003)200
  4. 10 times as many veterans served before 9/11 than after 9/11. (Lecture notes 3/8/2016)200-1
  5. Most veterans are older with the largest population being from the Vietnam era. (Lecture notes 3/8/2016)                                                                        200-2
  6. Military benefits include 30 days paid vacation, healthcare, housing, housing allowances, job security, training, and upward mobility. (Lecture notes 3/8/2016)200-3
  7. The military family is often times relocated to other areas within the United States and sometimes other countries. Being away from their extended family members and often times feel isolated as a result. (Lecture notes 3/8/2016)200-4
  1. The military member of the family is usually working long hours and the spouse or caregiver is left to take care of the family and home by themselves. This can lead to marital stress and family breakdown, affecting all members of the military family. (Lecture notes 3/8/2016)                                                                                                200-5

9 Facts on Forensic Social Work and the Criminal Justice System

  1. Forensic social work refers to social work with criminals, victims, or offenders. The field grows as correctional populations grow. (2/16/2016 Lecture Notes)200
  2. Forensic social work works on all levels of social work: macro, mezzo, and micro. (2/16/2016 Lecture Notes)                              200-1
  3. Types of jobs within forensic social work include case manager, re-entry coordinator, substance abuse counselor, homeless outreach worker, clinical social worker, parole officers, and probation officers. (2/16/2016 Lecture Notes)          blackburn_students_8-400x300
  4. 7.2 million Americans are under some form of correctional supervision. (2/16/2016 Lecture Notes)corr_supervision_2002
  5. 1 in 4 MSW students intern in a forensic agency and 1 in 3 BSW students intern in a forensic agency. (2/16/2016 Lecture Notes)                         200-2
  6. Correctional institutions may employ social workers to provide counseling and case management. (2/16/2016 Lecture Notes)ProbationOfficerJobGrowth
  7. Specialized courts, such as drug and domestic violence courts, may employ social workers. (2/16/2016 Lecture Notes)                                         200-3.gif
  8. Criminal justice and social work have different and often conflicting values. For example, criminal justice values punishment, zero tolerance policies, depowerment, debts, and retribution, while social work values social justice, empowerment, the theory that all people can change or reform, cognitive approach, motivational interviewing, and restorative justice. (2/16/2016 Lecture Notes)200-5.gif
  9. Restorative justice is a system of criminal justice that focuses on the rehabilitation of offenders through reconciliation with victims and the community at large. This is done via victim/offender conferencing and the circle sentencing approach. (2/16/2016 Lecture Notes)                                                                                                                                                      mistake

By Gilda Goldental-Stoecker

8 Startling Statistics on Intimate Partner Violence by Gilda Goldental-Stoecker

1. The Center for Disease Control determines intimate partner violence as a pattern of coercive behaviors that may include repeated battering and injury, psychological abuse, sexual assault, progressive social isolation, deprivation and intimidation while the World Heath Organization determines intimate partner violence as any behavior within an intimate relationship that causes physical, psychological, or sexual harm to those in the relationship. (Lecture notes 2/9/2016)


2. The interesting difference between the two is that the World Health Organization determines any behavior that causes harm as intimate partner violence while the Center for Disease Control requires the behavior to be in a pattern to be considered intimate partner violence. (Lecture notes 2/9/2016)


3. Both definitions are gender-neutral. (Lecture notes 2/9/2016)


4. The cycle in most intimate partner violence is generally honeymoon phase, tension-building phase, explosive phase, reconciliation, and repeat. (Lecture notes 2/9/2016)


5. On average, it takes between 5 to 7 “explosions” from the cycle of intimate partner violence before a person leaves their abusive relationship. (Lecture notes 2/9/2016)


6. Considering emotional/physical abuse, 1 in 3 women worldwide will be abused in their lifetime. (Lecture notes 2/9/2016)


7. 2 in 5 tweens (children between the ages of 11 and 12) report their friends are victims of verbal abuse in relationships. (Lecture notes 2/9/2016)


8. The Socio-ecological model of how intimate partner violence occurs is based off of the individual- where they experienced substance abuse, a mental health issue, or family violence during childhood- or relational- where they are experiencing conflict, instability, discord, and/or stressors. (Lecture notes 2/9/2016)


9. The individual barriers to a victim of intimate partner violence seeking help include low self esteem, guilt, self-blame, fear of reprisal, children, gender consideration, same-sex “double closeted”, failure to recognize violence as a problem, conflicting emotional states, practical barriers, societal barriers, systematic barriers, and potential harms of screening. (Lecture notes 2/9/2016)


8 Facts on Social Work Intervention and Leadership – Gilda Goldental-Stoecker

  1. The three levels of social work interventions are macro, mezzo, and micro. (2/2/2016 Lecture Notes)                                   200-7
  2. Macro encompasses social policy, administration, and community organizing. Mezzo encompasses groups and families. Micro encompasses individuals. (2/2/2016 Lecture Notes)                                                          200-1
  3. Mezzo also includes marriage counseling because in society, a marriage involves a family and many outside actors. (2/2/2016 Lecture Notes)200-2
  4. Social work leadership is constrained by ideological reasons because social work encourages egalitarian participation in decision making and creating opportunities for new groups to take ownership and power. (2/4/2016 Lecture Notes)                                                200-3
  5. Social work leadership is also constrained by practice and reality as far as resources because drastic funding cuts that occur to social welfare programs. Social workers often then have to find new areas of practice instead of fighting the changes themselves. (2/4/2016 Lecture Notes)                                                                              200_s
  6. Insurance law in New York State mandates at least six years post-masters supervision in order to get the LCSW-R status to be able to bill insurance for social work status. (2/4/2016 Lecture Notes)                                                                             200-4
  7. There is currently not mandate in New York State to have mental health education in schools. (Guest Speaker Keith Leahey 2/4/2016)       200-5
  8. New York State spent fifty-two billion dollars on Medicaid in 2014, which is more pore beneficiary than any other state but ranked among the last of all states in health outcomes. (Guest Speaker Keith Leahey 2/4/2016)200-6

By Gilda Goldental-Stoecker