Fast Facts: What are Income Maintenance Benefit Programs in the US?

By: Eliza Adler


  1. Social Security. This is a cash benefit program funded through Federal Insurance Contributions Tax, which is paid by workers and employers. Disabled or retired workers and their families benefit from this.11111111
  2. Unemployment Insurance. This is a cash benefit for laid-off workers. It is paid for by employers, through the federal government.111111
  3. Worker’s Compensation. This is a state program that provides aid to workers who are injured/have developed an illness caused by their work. The aid can be in the form of cash benefits, medical assistance, rehabilitation programming, or other benefits.1111111111
  4. Supplemental Security Income. This is a cash benefit program that is administered by the Social Security Administration. It benefits poor elderly, disabled children and adults.111
  5. General Assistance. This program aids low-income individuals or families who need help, but are ineligible for or are waiting for Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF–see below). 35 states have this program, and it is funded by state, county, or local taxes.11
  6. Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children. This program provides food vouchers and nutrition education to women who are pregnant or breastfeeding and their children. It is run by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.11111111111
  7. Food Stamps. This aid is in the form of a debit card, where money is transferred so that those using it can buy food. It serves low-income families and individuals, and is funded through federal general tax revenue.1111111111111
  8. Temporary Assistance to Needy Families. Usually in the form of cash benefits or employment services, this aid benefits low-income families with children or families with foster children. Each state has it’s own name for their TANF program and can provide extra services such as job preparation.11111111111111111

DiNitto&McNeese, 2008. Pages  289-290.

12 Warning Signs of Intimate Partner Violence

With images from “Dragonslippers: This is What an Abusive Relationship Looks Like” By: Rosalind B. Penfold

By: Eliza Adler

  1. They try to push you away from friends and family, isolating you (Penfold, 2005. Page 151)             Screen Shot 2016-02-10 at 11.02.06 AM
  2. They make it seem like being with them or their dreams are more important than yours  (Penfold, 2005. Page 115)          Screen Shot 2016-02-10 at 11.21.15 AM.png
  3. They insult you, make fun of you, or intimidate you (Penfold, 2005. Page 179)                Screen Shot 2016-02-10 at 11.22.22 AM.png
  4. They move too fast, too soon (Penfold, 2005. Page 114)Screen Shot 2016-02-10 at 10.52.28 AM
  5. They say hurtful things about others, including your friends and family (Penfold, 2005. Page 117)                  Screen Shot 2016-02-10 at 11.24.22 AM.png
  6. They physically hurt you, with or without a weaponScreen Shot 2016-02-10 at 10.57.19 AM
  7. They get very jealous, even when you are not doing anything wrongScreen Shot 2016-02-10 at 10.54.11 AM
  8. When they blow up at you, they pretend like it never happened    (Penfold, 2005. Page 127)                                               Screen Shot 2016-02-10 at 11.31.45 AM.png
  9. They lie to you, over and over (Penfold, 2005. Page 284) Screen Shot 2016-02-10 at 10.57.51 AM
  10. They bribe you or manipulate you (Penfold, 2005. Page 190) Screen Shot 2016-02-10 at 10.59.53 AM
  11. They are aggressive towards others, such as their children, friends, or even strangers  (Penfold, 2005. Page 159) Screen Shot 2016-02-10 at 11.35.26 AM.png
  12. Your family and friends are suspicious of the relationship and repeatedly ask you what is going on (Penfold, 2005. Page 313) Screen Shot 2016-02-10 at 11.00.50 AM

“Dragonslippers: This is What and Abusive Relationship Looks Like” by Rosalind B. Penfold.

5 Steps to a Day in the Life of a Social Worker-National Association of Social Workers CEO

As told by Leslie Knope

By Eliza Adler


  • Step One: Wake up early! Get caught up on the daily news, since political issues are important to social workers. Leave the house and get to work on time!


  • Step Two: Always be organized! Even with assistants, it can be hard to keep the workload straight when you are a CEO. Make sure to always keep your phone handy to check emails, you can get a lot done without even having to be at a desk.


  • Step Three: Remember to pay attention to detail! Don’t let people publish articles or marketing materials with your name on them without reviewing them first. Anything that goes online will be there forever, and a small mistake could cause a big problem.


  • Step Four: Make sure to get enough rest! The work days for a CEO are long, and after-work dinners and meetings are not uncommon. Also, weekend travel is a large part of the job, which means that you don’t get the weekend off to recuperate.


  • Step Five: Love your job! With a career that takes over so much of your life, passion is a requirement. Social work is a passion and values-driven profession, and a CEO in the field is no exception. Be there for the right reasons and each day will be an adventure.



(Grobman, 2012. The Daily Life of NASW’s Executive Director by Elizabeth J. Clark, page 315-318)

10 Things the Public Doesn’t Know About Social Workers

As told by Parks and Recreation

By: Eliza Adler


  1. Social workers can be employed in many settings, including hospitals, schools, and charity organizations. (DiNitto&McNeese, 2008. Page 1-3.)


  1. They aren’t baby snatchers! Social workers who are employed with Child Protective Services, or CPS, aim to provide a safe environment for children and counsel families. (


  1. The majority of social workers are female! In fact, about 83% of students enrolled in social work Masters programs are female. (DiNitto&McNeese, 2008. Page 18).


  1. Social workers follow many guidelines concerning their values and ethics. They have to be in good moral standing to be licensed. Their education studies values heavily to make sure candidates are right for the line of work. (DiNitto&McNeese, 2008. Page 15.)


  1. Most social workers love their jobs! They chose the profession because they care. They are likely to describe their lives as exciting and have a positive self-image. (DiNitto&McNeese, 2008. Page 25).


  1. Social workers make, on average, about $45,000 per year (according to a national survey of social workers). The lowest 10% make under $25,000 per year and 25% make over $60,000.


  1. Social workers are different than counselors or therapists. Counselors focus more on a relationship with their patient, whereas social workers focus on changing the external factors in a patient’s life. (DiNitto&McNeese, 2008. Page 12.)


9. The social work field aims to help at-risk populations. They have a focus on social justice, and want everyone’s rights to be equal. (DiNitto&McNeese, 2008. Page 16)


  1. The social work job market is expanding! This is likely caused by demographic changes as a large population in the US ages and many social workers retire. So, students, this is good news for you! (DiNitto&McNeese, 2008. Page 26).