10 Facts About Group Therapy!

  1. It is very important for group social workers to be in touch with themselves, as they are only able to connect with group members if they are fully aware of their own identity and understand their own values, feelings, and perspectives.


2. Group social workers use activities such as drama, role playing, cooking, music, art, and a variety of other group activities in order to aid in some of the goals and purposes of the group. Activities such as these can be used among all different age group as long as there is a purpose for the members.


3. It is often challenging and draining for group social workers to keep their own sanity while listening to people’s stories, which are often sorrowful and tragic. Nevertheless, it is recommended that social workers lead a balanced life and focus on finding happiness (David, 2016, Personal Communication).


4. Currently, there are a variety of uses for group social work which includes industrial social work, gerontology, family-child welfare, health, education and mental health (Helen & Kurland, 2001, p. 8).


5. It is often hard to execute strengths based therapy when clients have engaged in behavior that goes against the moral beliefs of group social worker. If the group social worker cannot separate their own opinions a hostile environment may be created: the social worker may feel threatened by the group or the group may feel judged by the social worker.


6. Role-playing is the most common form of group exercise. Since most of the clients are used to be told to stop doing what they are doing, the group and the counselor start with the advantages of the behavior. This shows that they understand the importance of the behavior in the person’s life. From there, everyone works together to see how it may affect the client’s future goals. The clients are never told that they need to stop, they are just shown the benefits of stopping.


7. The first book to be published about group work was titled Group Work with American Youth, published in 1948 by Coyle (Helen & Kurland, 2001, p. 7).


8. Social workers must address both the group as a whole and the individuals in the group as clients. Understanding the dynamic between the professional and the client and the relationships among clients is key to having a well-functioning group.


9. The evidence-based technique of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is used to modify a patient’s behavior. It helps them to retrain the way they think so that they don’t fall victim to the same problems again. (Linehan, M.M, Dimeff, L.A, Reynolds, S.K, Comtois, K.A., Welch, S.S., Heagerty, P., Kivlahan, D.R. (2002))


10. Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) is a type of (CBT) in which patients are taught problem-solving strategies blended with acceptance-based strategies as well as tackling the co-existing multiple tensions present that are causing the problems. (Linehan, M.M, Dimeff, L.A, Reynolds, S.K, Comtois, K.A., Welch, S.S., Heagerty, P., Kivlahan, D.R. (2002))



6 Facts About Older Adults!

The human life span has increased significantly, therefore the minimum age for eligibility for social welfare programs may be fifty-five to sixty-five or older, varying by the program. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 261).


A lot of older people stay active well into their seventies and eighties, possibly older, while others start to limit their actions much earlier because of poor health and other complications. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 261).


Many older people have good health, sufficient incomes, live independently, and desire strong bonds with their family as well as positive relations. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 262).


The older an individual gets, the more experience, knowledge, as well as talent he or she may obtain. Opposed to young and middle aged adults, older people usually have more freedom to practice activities that increase their satisfaction of life. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 262).


It is important that social workers have the knowledge of the biological, psychological, and social processes related with the aging of human beings that may involve older individuals as well as their family members to have contact with human service and health care providers. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 262).



Human service and health care agencies serve acute care hospitals, rehabilitation programs, outpatient health clinics, inpatient and outpatient psychiatric programs, home health care program, hospice programs, adult protective services, nursing homes and assisted livings, which may serve people with disabilities who are younger. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 262).



7 Facts About Mental Health!

A reason that many social workers are pursuing the mental health practice is because almost half of all Americans or 46% experience some type of mental illness throughout his or her lifespan. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 145).


The most widespread mental disorders are impulsive control disorder 25%, anxiety disorders 29%, as well as mood disorders 21%. These numbers represent the percentage of United States population who may experience a mental health disorder. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 145).


Bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and certain types of depression are considered serious mental illnesses because they are chronic and continuous opposed to being acute and cureless. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 146).


Often times, individuals have more than one mental disorder, or even a mental disorder paired with a substance use disorder. Those who have both a mental disorder and a substance disorder are commonly known as dual diagnoses, co-occurring disorders, and co-morbidity. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 147).


The reason that some individuals with mental disorders acquire a substance abuse disorder is because they use the drugs or alcohol as a way to fix symptoms such as depression, hallucinations, and anxiety. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 147).


In the past, it was common for mental illnesses to be seen as demonic possession or sin; individuals with severe mental illness were treated brutally and accused of being witches, which were burned. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 148).


About half of mental disorders appear by age fourteen and about seventy-five percent appear by age twenty-four; however, it is important that young children are a main worry of mental health practitioners. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 153).



8 Facts About School Social Work!

  1. In today’s schools, many children are faced with countless multifaceted emotional, social and developmental issues that greatly alter his or her willingness to lean as well as his or her general school adjustment. (Diehl & Andy, 2008 p. 1).


  1. Due to rising family anxieties and varying economic situations, many families are living their lives full of chaos in both married and single family households. Parents often struggle to balance the stresses of both raising a family and working. (Diehl & Andy, 2008 p. 2).


  1. As a result of these problems, teachers are often confronted with a challenge to teach children with social, emotional and behavioral issues. (Diehl & Andy, 2008 p. 2).


  1. In an attempt to alter children’s public education, services are intended to support the needs of the child with the highest quality of education as well as the supports that are required to increase healthy child development in families and communities. (Diehl & Andy, 2008 p. 2).


  1. Luckily, social workers are available to participate in the school reform movement to improve student’s physical and emotional health. (Diehl & Andy, 2008 p. 2).

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  1. The partnerships between schools and communities should be seen as an approach for working together rather than as a program. Each school community is unique and have great differences in the community-school models. (Diehl & Andy, 2008 p. 2).

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  1. Employed by the hospital, social workers offer services in schools and are viewed as a part of the infrastructure of the school. (Diehl & Andy, 2008 p. 3).


  1. Usually, the services comprised of family assessment, teacher and school consultation, case management, as well as individual, group, or family treatment through school and home based intervention. (Diehl & Andy, 2008 p. 3).

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8 Facts About Child Welfare

Neglect is the failure of adults to meet children’s physical, emotional, mental, educational, or social needs (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 239).


Approximately 12 percent of mistreatment cases include sexual abuse, about 25 percent of the cases include physical abuse, while about 63 percent of the cases include emotional or psychological maltreatment (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 239).


The common primary caretakers of children are women, who are responsible for about 75 percent of neglect including medical neglect, while men are responsible for about 75 percent of sexual abuse cases (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 239).


Child maltreatment occurs in all racial and ethnic groups and at all socioeconomic levels, though maltreatment is more likely to occur in poverty-stricken families (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 240).


Traumatic involvements include experiencing or witnessing violence, being confined in closed spaces, or suddenly losing the acquainted caregiver, which often leaves permanent emotional and physical scars (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 240).


Traumatic children may find it difficult to form healthy relationships or to trust others (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 241).


Approximately three to ten million children witness domestic violence yearly; those who witness abuse are more likely to be abused themselves and to abuse their own children or spouses in the future (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 241).


Social workers offer a broad range of services to help families and children manage and overcome emotional and mental difficulties as well as intellectual disabilities (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 241).


9 Facts About Substance Use Disorders

Rather than using the term “addiction”, the American Psychiatric Association calls alcohol and drug problems “substance use disorders” or “substance dependence” (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 173).


Symptoms related to alcohol or drug use include: inability to meet responsibilities at school, work and home; using drugs or alcohol during dangerous situations like driving; arrests for public intoxication or legal problems; and fighting or interactive problems (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 174).


Consequences for substance use includes a loss of family or job, serious health issues, and incarceration (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 174).


Alcohol complications are more common than complications with illegal drugs (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 174).


Over-the-counter drugs and prescription drugs can lead to abuse, misuse, and dependence (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 174).


It is more likely for young people to experience problems from using ecstasy, inhalants, or anabolic steroids than older people (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 174).


Older adults are more likely to encounter prescription drug problems because thy are prescribed more medications than other sectors of the population. They also do not metabolize medications well (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 174).



“Pharming” is a common trend for young people where they abuse prescription drugs that are usually obtained illegally (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 175).


Approximately 15 million people have an alcohol use disorder, 4 million have a drug use disorder, and 3 million have both alcohol and drug disorder (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 175).

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Social Work, Veterans, and the Military!

Social workers offer direct services such as issues with family violence, substance abuse, mental illness, adjustment to the military, war trauma, managing physical sickness and health improvement. (Daley, 2003, p. 438)


The military social work role has developed stronger due to the influence of psychologists and psychiatrists (Daley, 2003, p. 438).


Presently, there are thirty-one navy social work officers, two hundred and fifteen air force social work officers, and one hundred and fifty army social work officers (Lockett, 1999; Kennedy, 1999; Tarpley, 1999).


America offers three levels of education, which include bachelors of social work, masters of social work, and doctor of philosophy (Daley, 2003, p. 443).


Various countries mainly use BSW or bachelor of social work as their main workforce (Daley, 2003, p. 443) 


As the rank rises for military social workers, a greater range of job opportunities occur and the capability to affect military programs increases (Daley, 2003, p. 443).


Comparing military social work for different countries, the United States had a steady growth and expansion of programs, while China had no growth because of the elimination of social work as a profession (Daley, 2003, p. 441).


Woks Cited:

Daley, J. 2003. Military Social Work: A Multi-Country Comparison. International Social Work Int Soc Work, 46(4), 437-448.





The Duties of Social Workers


Social worker responsibilities vary depending on the facility, the unit, the culture of unit, and the culture of the social work department within the facility. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 203).


Night shift social workers not only need coffee, but also need to be familiar with community service providers! (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 203).


Day shift social workers mostly spend their time making referrals on the phone, meeting with patients and family members, and talking with the treatment team. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 203)


Medical social work was the first specialization area in the social work profession. In addition, medical social workers were the first members of the profession to work in what is known as the secondary setting where providing social work services is not the organization’s primary function. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 203).



Secondary locations where social workers are working or offer services on a contract foundation include: hospitals, prisons, schools, and corporations. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 203).





The smallest teams are usually the primary care teams which include the patient, doctor and social worker; the speech and physical therapists are needed ancillary care professionals. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 204).



Some institutions do not pay attention to interdisciplinary meetings and have little inclusive care planning, other institutions desire professional participation as well as encouragement for the patients and family members. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 206).



Interdisciplinary teams compel every team member to finish an assessment according to the standards of their respective discipline, making goals and the process of achieving the goals. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 206).



The Culture of Poverty


  1. Oscar Lewis presented the culture of poverty as a set of beliefs, values, and behaviors among the poor that are different from those who are non-poor. It is believed that these behaviors are passed down from generation to generation (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 294).


  1. A belief about the culture of poverty includes those who do not belong to professional organizations, social organizations, community organizations, labor unions, or political groups, which are normal for most people in society (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 294).


  1. Often, the uninvolved poor are distrustful of social institutions such as police, departments, schools and social services (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 294).                    640x-1.jpg
  2. Due to the lack of involvement between the poor and the larger culture or society, the poor are less likely to experience the advantages of social supports or community resources that will eventually lead to productive economy activity. (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 294).                                                                 community.jpg
  3. The culture of poverty is described as a community made up of individuals in a terrible economic position who have an absence of activities outside the family division (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 295).


  1. Due to the poor’s non-involvement in community activities, they suffer from lack of safety and lower quality public services, social services, and schools (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 295).


  1. At times, families fail to socialize children in becoming healthy, empowered, and active adults and instead children are more likely to give birth at an early age, enter a single parent household that lacks the resources for raising children and drop out of school or become unemployed (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 295).


  1. People living in poverty usually suffer from weak egos, poor impulse control, and have a feeling of doom and fatalism (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 295).


Works Cited:

DiNitto, Diana M., and Carl Aaron. McNeece. Social Work: Issues and Opportunities in a Challenging Profession. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1990. Print.

Forensic Social Work: 7 Facts Relating Criminal Justice and Women

Twenty-three percent of female jail inmates have been identified as mentally ill (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 312).


Almost sixty percent of female state prisoners report having experienced prior physical or sexual abuse (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 313).


The annual rate of growth in the number of incarcerated women has increased faster than that for men over the past ten years, with much of this increase due to changes in drug laws and harsher sentencing for drug offenses (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 313).


Women would benefit from substance abuse treatment that takes into consideration their life histories and circumstances (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 313).   rehab-center.jpg

When women go to prison, over seventy percent of them leave behind children under eighteen years of age (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 313).   295058_1.jpg

About six percent of female state prisoners are pregnant upon entering prison and it is the rare correctional facility that allows mothers to keep their infants with them after birth (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 313).


Eighteen percent of mothers in state prison reported being homeless for a period of time in the year prior to incarceration (Dinitto & McNeece, 2008 p. 313).